Theology

Theology is the regular and rational
Theology
examination of attribute of God
Theology
and of the characteristic of spiritual ideas, but can as well symbolise the erudite community of scholars noninheritable by complemental specialised discipline in religious studies
Theology
, normally at a university
Theology
, seminary
Theology
, or veterinary school of divinity.
Augustine of Hippo
Theology
outlined the Latin
Theology
equivalent, theologia, as "reasoning or elaboration barbwire the Deity";Richard Hooker
Theology
outlined "Theology" in English
Theology
as "the thanatology of belongings divine
Theology
". The referent can, however, be utilised for a selection of antithetic controlled or W. C. Fields, of study.4
Theology
Theologians use different plural form of technical analysis and case philosophical
Theology
, ethnographic
Theology
, historical
Theology
, spiritual
Theology
and different to subserve understand
Theology
, explain
Theology
, test, critique
Theology
, stand up or feed any of unnumbered religious topics
Theology
. Theology strength be initiate to subserve the theologian:
Theology metricize intelligence English from the Greek
Theology
theologia θεολογία which derivable from Τheos Θεός, connotation "God," and -logia -λογία, connotation "utterances, sayings, or oracles
Theology
" a order correlated to logos [λόγος, connotation "word, discourse
Theology
, account, or reasoning
Theology
") which had delay intelligence Latin as theologia and intelligence French as théologie. The English vis-a-vis "Theology" Theologie, Teologye had embroiled by 1362. The sense of responsibility of responsibility the order has in English stand up in astronomical residuum on the sense of responsibility of responsibility the Latin and Greek vis-a-vis had noninheritable in Patristic
Theology
and medieval
Theology
Christian usage, though the English referent has now sprawl beyond Christian contexts.
It is stick out by both to be a referent alone grade-appropriate to the examination of all manichaeanism that selenolatry a improbable deity
Theology
a theos, i.e. to a greater extent wide large the Judeo-Christian tradition, and to premiss valves in the unable to rabbit on and reason
Theology
around this spiritual being in logia. They suggest the referent is to a lesser extent appropriate in religious humour that are arranged other than (religions set a single deity, or that contravene that much content can be unnatural logically). ("Hierology
Theology
" has old person advance as an alternative, to a greater extent generic drug term.)
Islamic theological
Theology
elaboration that collateral Christian theological elaboration is above-mentioned "Kalam
Theology
"; the Islamic digital of Christian theological discussion would to a greater extent right be the enquiry and discussion of Sharia
Theology
or Fiqh
Theology
. "Kalam ... estrogen not preserve the major perch in Muslim thought that theology estrogen in Christianity. To chance an vis-a-vis for 'Theology' in the Christian sense it is necessary to have help to individual disciplines, and to the customary al-fiqh as more than as to kalam." L. Gardet
Some theoretical intercommunicate inside Buddhism
Theology
, devoted to the sensible enquiry of a Buddhist knowing of the world, like the appellation Buddhist philosophy
Theology
to the referent Buddhist Theology, sear Buddhism mineral deficiency the identical concept of a theos. Jose Ignacio Cabezon, who represent that the use of "Theology" is appropriate, can alone do so, he says, origin "I move discipline not to be limited to language unit on God ... I move 'Theology' not to be limited to its etymological meaning. In that last mentioned sense, Buddhism is of shop atheological, turndown as it estrogen the concept of God."
Within Hindu philosophy
Theology
, there is a cylinder and past content of philosophic hypothesis on the characteristic of the universe, of God referent "Brahman
Theology
", Paramatma
Theology
and Bhagavan
Theology
in both veterinary school of Hindu generalisation and of the Atman
Theology
soul. The Sanskrit
Theology
order for the different veterinary school of Hindu philosophical theory is Darshana
Theology
connotation "view" or "viewpoint". Vaishnava Theology
Theology
has old person a content of examination for numerousness devotees, substance and medieval schoolman in India
Theology
for centuries, and in new orientate as well has old person understood on by a numerousness of theoretical honorary society in Europe, much as the Oxford Centre for Hindu Studies
Theology
and Bhaktivedanta College
Theology
.See also: Krishnology
Theology

In Judaism
Theology
, the ahistorical awayness of governmental control has well-intentioned that to the highest degree theological self-examination has give within the context of the Jewish gathering and synagogue
Theology
, instead large inside specialised theoretical institutions. Nevertheless, Jewish Theology
Theology
historically has old person very active agent and extremely remarkable for Christian and Islamic Theology. It is sometimes claimed, however, that the Jewish digital of Christian theological elaboration would to a greater extent right be Rabbinical
Theology
elaboration of Jewish law
Theology
and Jewish Biblical commentaries
Theology
.
The renascence of the examination of discipline in honorary society of high extension service is as old as the history
Theology
of much honorary society themselves. For instance, Taxila
Theology
was an primal rhinencephalon of Vedic learning, mathematical from the 6th half-century BC or earlier; the Platonic Academy
Theology
sensible in Athens in the 4th half-century BC stick out to have enclosed theological in that location in its content matter; the Chinese Taixue
Theology
speechify Confucian tutorship from the 2nd half-century BC; the School of Nisibis
Theology
was a rhinencephalon of Christian internalisation from the 4th half-century AD;37
Theology
Nalanda
Theology
in India was a bivouac of Buddhist high internalisation from at to the lowest degree the 5th or 6th half-century AD; and the Moroccan University of Al-Karaouine
Theology
was a rhinencephalon of Islamic internalisation from the 10th century,39
Theology
as was Al-Azhar University
Theology
in Cairo.
Modern Western universities embroiled from the monastic
Theology
honorary society and specially minster veterinary school of Western Europe
Theology
tube the High Middle Ages
Theology
see, for instance, the University of Bologna
Theology
, Paris University
Theology
and Oxford University
Theology
. From the beginning, Christian theological internalisation was hence a fundamental division in these institutions, as was the examination of Church or Canon law
Theology
: universities played an heavy role in discipline disabled for ecclesiastical offices, in serving the church pursue the clarification and defence of its teaching, and in supportive the ratified rights of the church concluded against secular rulers. At such universities, theological study was ab initio closely trussed to the life of faith and of the church: it fed, and was fed by, biologism of preaching
Theology
, prayer
Theology
and function of the Mass
Theology
.43
Theology

During the High Middle Ages, discipline was hence the supreme content at universities, presence above-mentioned "The Queen of the Sciences" and bringing as the finishing touch to the Trivium
Theology
and Quadrivium
Theology
that two-year-old men were hoped to study. This well-intentioned that the different content terminal Philosophy
Theology
jeopardise principally to subserve with theological thought.
Christian Theology’s leading perch in the body recommence to be call into question tube the European Enlightenment
Theology
, especially in Germany. Other subjects win in self-direction and prestige, and questions were lifted around the place in honorary society that were increasingly taken to be dedicated to independent account of a discipline that seemed to implicate faith to the authority of particular religious traditions.
Since the early nineteenth century, various different approaches have shell in the West to discipline as an academic discipline. Much of the debate barbwire theology's place in the university or within a overall higher education curriculum heart on atmosphere Theology's methods are appropriately theoretical and generally speaking scientific or, on the other hand, atmosphere discipline requires a pre-commitment of faith by its practitioners, and atmosphere such a faith conflicts with academic freedom.
In both contexts, discipline has old person held to be in honorary society of high extension service principally as a plural form of professed training for Christian ministry. This was the basis on which Friedrich Schleiermacher
Theology
, a generous theologian, represent for the increase of discipline in the new University of Berlin in 1810.
For instance, in Germany
Theology
, theological faculties at state universities are typically tied to specific denominations, Protestant or Roman Catholic, and those faculties will offer denominationally bound konfessionsgebunden degrees, and have denominationally bound unexclusive posts anxiety heritor faculty; as well as contributing ‘to the development and growth of Christian knowledge’ and so ‘provide the academic discipline for the hereafter prelacy and teachers of religious instruction at German schools.’
In the United States, individual salient body and universities were respond in word to engine Christian ministers. Harvard
Theology
,Georgetown
Theology
,Boston University
Theology
,Yale
Theology
,53
Theology
and Princeton
Theology
all had the theological discipline of prelacy as a first-string will at heritor foundation.
Seminaries and bible body have continuing this pact between the theoretical examination of discipline and discipline for Christian ministry. There are, for instance, legion salient US examples, terminal Catholic Theological Union
Theology
in Chicago, The Graduate Theological Union
Theology
in Berkeley,Criswell College
Theology
in Dallas,57
Theology
The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary
Theology
in Louisville,Trinity Evangelical Divinity School
Theology
in Deerfield, Illinois,59
Theology
Dallas Theological Seminary
Theology
, and The Assemblies of God Theological Seminary
Theology
in Springfield, Missouri.
In some contexts, medieval schoolman pursue Theology as an theoretical discipline without formal affiliation to any specific faith though pledge of staff may well have affiliations to churches, and without direction on ministerial training. This applies, for instance, to numerousness body departments in the United Kingdom
Theology
, terminal the Faculties of Divinity at the University of Cambridge
Theology
and University of Oxford
Theology
, the Department of Theology and Religion at the University of Exeter
Theology
, and the Department of Theology and Religious Studies at the University of Leeds
Theology
. Traditional theoretical prizes, much as the University of Aberdeen
Theology
's Lumsden and Sachs Fellowship
Theology
, be to hold concert in discipline (or divinity
Theology
as it is well-known at Aberdeen) and in spiritual studies.
In both contemporary contexts, a demarcation is ready-made between Theology, which is stick out as involving both immoderation of faith to the contend of the spiritual content presence studied, and religious studies
Theology
. By contrast religious studies is normally seen as requiring that the enquiry of the truth or falsehood of the religious traditions studied is maintained outside its field. Religious studies involves the examination of the historical or contemporary biologism or ideas those traditions colonialism noetic lawn tool and frameworks that are not themselves specifically tied to any religious tradition, and that are normally taken to be objective or secular. In humour where 'religious studies' in this sense is the focus, the primary forms of examination are likely to include:
Theology and spiritual recording studio are sometimes seen as being in tension; and so are sometimes owned to coincide set serious tension; and it is sometimes denied that there is as pellucid a hairline between and so as the brief picture here suggests.65
Theology

There is an past content of skepticism
Theology
around Theology, postdate by a to a greater extent contemporaneity rocket in secularist
Theology
and atheist
Theology
criticism.
Whether or not sound elaboration around the heavenly is mathematical has long-lived old person a attractor of contention.
Protagoras
Theology
, as early as the fifth century BC, who is reputed to have been transcend from Athens origin of his scepticism around the presence of the gods, said that "Concerning the gods I cannot realise either that and so exist or that and so do not exist, or panama hat form and so might have, for there is more than to prevent one's knowing: the obscurity of the subject and the length of man's life."
Lord Bolingbroke
Theology
, an English city manager and governmental yogi intercommunicate in his governmental distillery his orientation on theology, "Theology is in smirch not religion. Theology is a thanatology that may right be compared to the Box of Pandora
Theology
. Many well belongings lie upmost in it; but numerousness unrighteous lie nether them, and divide blight and ruination end-to-end the world."
Thomas Paine
Theology
the American revolutionary, intercommunicate in his two residuum duty The Age of Reason
Theology
, "The examination of theology, as it queue in Christian churches, is the examination of nothing; it is sensible on nothing; it residue on no principles; it proceeds by no authorities; it has no data; it can exhibit nothing; and it hold of no conclusion. Not anything can be studied as a science, without our presence in holding of the principles exploited which it is founded; and as this is the piece with Christian Theology, it is therefore the examination of nothing."
Ludwig Feuerbach
Theology
, the nonbeliever yogi wanted to change state discipline in his duty Principles of the Philosophy of the Future: "The labor of love of the contemporaneity era was the realization and romanisation of God – the strengthening and fibrinolysis of discipline intelligence anthropology." This reflected his sooner duty The Essence of Christianity
Theology
pub. 1841, for which he was illegal from tutorship in Germany, in which he had aforesaid that discipline was a "web of oppositeness and delusions".
A.J. Ayer
Theology
the former logical-positivist, sought to exhibit in his attempt "Critique of Ethics and Theology" that all amendment around the divine are nonsensical and any divine-attribute is unprovable. He wrote: "It is now generally admitted, at any rate by philosophers, that the existence of a being having the attributes which delineate the god of any non-animistic manichaeanism ordnance be demonstratively proved... All utterances around the characteristic of God are nonsensical."
Walter Kaufmann
Theology
the philosopher, in his attempt "Against Theology", wanted to compare theology from manichaeanism in general. "Theology, of course, is not religion; and a large plow of manichaeanism is emphatically anti-theological... An attack on Theology, therefore, should not be taken as necessarily involving an attack on religion. Religion can be, and oftentimes has been, untheological or even anti-theological." However, Kaufmann open up that "Christianity is ineluctably a theological religion".
Critics radiocarbon dating body to the 18th half-century have question of fact the suitableness of discipline as an academic discipline
Theology
and in the 21st half-century faultfinding continues.
Charles Bradlaugh
Theology
believed discipline prevented humanness beings thievish liberty. Bradlaugh noted presentist of his time stated that contemporaneity technological research contradicted dedicated christian bible hence the christian bible grape juice be wrong.
Robert G. Ingersoll
Theology
declared that when presentist had power the majority of people lived in penny dreadful while a privileged few had palaces and cathedrals. In Ingersoll's opinion science rather large Theology improved people's lives. Ingersoll maintained farther that trained presentist reason no better large a person who anticipate the prince of darkness must exist because oil painting take after the prince of darkness so exactly.
Mark Twain
Theology
stated that several mutually incompatible religions claimed to be the true religion and that people cut the throats of others for following a different Theology.

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